6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us;And the government will rest on His shoulders;And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace,On the throne of David and over his kingdom,To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousnessFrom then on and forevermore.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.

This passage is a prophecy of the rule and reign of a future Davidic king who would bring a period of light and peace to God's people. Upon this King’s birth, God would usher in a heavenly Kingdom within the earthly realm. 

The reference to shoulders is a metaphor for the sovereignty and supremacy the King would possess in His kingdom. As the shoulders are the place of significant weight bearing, Christ will bear the weight of our troubles, our sorrows, and our decisions. 

The list of names in this passage gives us a glimpse into the King’s character. In Hebrew culture, one’s name revealed and reflected one’s identity. 

According to Isaiah, the King would be a sage characterized by extraordinary wisdom (Wonderful Counselor), He will have life that is never ending (Eternal Father), and He will bring peace (Prince of Peace). 

According to R.P. Martin, “Peace...is in the Old Testament a kingly blessing following directly upon the acknowledgment of God’s reign and the submission of all his foes” (Martin, R.P., Philippians: An Introduction and Commentary, Vol 11). 

The government that Christ will institute will be one of peace. Note the transition of “peace” into a proper noun: Christ will not only bring peace, He is peace. Peace is literally in His title. Peace is His job description. 

As He is the “Prince,” the “chieftain,” “ruler,” or “leader,” of “Peace,” or “prosperity,” “success,” “welfare,” and “friendliness.” “Peace” also connotes the idea of “completeness, soundness.” 

Christ’s kingdom will not be fractured—it will be whole, healthy in entirety, and one of ease.

Who wouldn’t want to be a part of such a kingdom?!

  • How has the prophecy of Isaiah been fulfilled? How is it still to come? How does Isaiah 9:6-7 get you excited for the finality of Christ’s reign (cf. Rev. 20:6)?
  • What comfort does it give you in your current circumstance to know that God fulfilled His promise in Isaiah through the birth of Jesus?
  • Praise the Prince of Peace for overcoming the world of sin and death on the cross. Thank Him that He came to bring you His perfect peace. 
  • Ask Him to reassure you of His steady peace as you face any hardship this week.